Vaginal Hysterectomy
Vaginal Hysterectomy

Vaginal Hysterectomy

Vaginal Hysterectomy

Vaginal Hysterectomy

What is Vaginal Hysterectomy?

Vaginal hysterectomy surgical process of removing the uterus (or womb) through female genitalia (or vagina). It involves removing both the uterus and cervix (the neck of the womb) via the vagina. During vaginal hysterectomy, the surgeon segregates the uterus from the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and upper vagina along with the blood vessels and connective tissues that support the uterus before removing it.

Reasons for undergoing Vaginal Hysterectomy

There are certain conditions or gynaecological problems that may require a vaginal hysterectomy. Some of the medical conditions are mentioned below:

Vaginal Hysterectomy
  • Uterine Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths that form in the uterine muscles. Also known as leiomyoma, fibroids may grow during pregnancies and gradually reduce after menopause. They can cause gynecological discomforts such as heavy uterine or vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, anemia, bladder pressure, and pain during intercourse. Vaginal hysterectomy is a preferred procedure to permanently get rid of fibroids.
  • Gynaecological Cancer: Most of the vaginal hysterectomies performed treat gynecological cancers. If one suffers from uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrium cancer, or pre-cancerous changes, even the best doctor for Gynaecology recommends hysterectomies.
  • Endometriosis: A tissue lining the female uterus known as the endometrium. Endometriosis occurs when this tissue starts forming outside the uterus, surrounding the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and/or other organs. It can lead to irregular periods, vaginal or abdominal pains, and sometimes infertility. In such a case, hysterectomies are recommended by the best Gynaecologist, Obstetrician & Laparoscopic Surgeons.
  • Adenomyosis is a medical condition in which the endometrium grows inside the uterine muscles, causing the uterine walls to thicken. This can lead to heavy bleeding and extreme pain. In this case, doctors may recommend the procedure of hysterectomies.
Vaginal Hysterectomy
Vaginal Hysterectomy
  • Vaginal Infections: Infections in the vagina like Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases (PID) can cause severe pain and discomfort. It can be treated with medications at its early stage, but a vaginal hysterectomy may be required if it spreads.
  • Hyperplasia: Hyperplasia is a medical condition where the lining of the uterus is too thick. This may be caused by excessive levels of estrogen - a female hormone. Vaginal hysterectomy is recommended in such cases.
  • Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding: Vaginal hysterectomy may be recommended when suffering from irregular or excessive menstrual bleeding caused due to fibroids, gynecological cancer, hormonal changes, or other conditions. This condition may be accompanied by abdominal pain and cramps.
  • Uterine Prolapse: The medical condition where the uterus slips from its normal position and falls into the female genitalia. Common symptoms of uterine prolapse include pelvic pressure, urinary problems, and bowel issues. To perform the vaginal hysterectomy for this condition, the best Gynaecologist, Obstetrician & Laparoscopic Surgeon should be consulted.
  • Delivery Complications: Sometimes, females face complications like severe bleeding right after a cesarean (or vaginal) delivery, which requires the doctors to remove the uterus through vaginal hysterectomy.
Vaginal Hysterectomy
Vaginal Hysterectomy
  • Placenta accreta: During female pregnancy, the placenta attaches itself to the walls of the uterus and detaches after the pregnancy. Placenta accreta is a complex gynecological condition where the placenta grows too deeply into the uterine walls. Consult the best doctor for Gynaecology in such cases.
  • Chronic Pelvic Pain: Chronic pelvic pain can arise from various symptoms, including gastrointestinal issues, urinary system problems, endometriosis, adhesions between pelvic organs in the pelvis, and others. If they cannot improve with medications and exercise, hysterectomy may be considered.

Benefits of Vaginal Hysterectomy

Some of the benefits of undergoing vaginal hysterectomy are:

  • The duration is shorter compared to other hysterectomies
  • Lower cost and faster recovery time
  • It is generally a safe procedure
Vaginal Hysterectomy

Complications from Vaginal Hysterectomy

Vaginal Hysterectomy

Some of the complications that may arise from this procedure are:

  • Haemorrhage
  • Fever and mild vaginal infections
  • Blood clotting
  • Constipation and urinary retention
  • Premature menopause
  • Adjacent organs may be damaged
  • Hormonal fluctuations

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